Surge in Online Blackmail/Extortion Cases


The Cyber Security Authority (CSA) has observed a sharp rise in the number of online blackmail cases reported to its Points of Contact (PoC). Online Blackmail is when an individual or a group uses digital communication methods to threaten someone with the disclosure of sensitive, embarrassing, or private information unless a demand is met. In the first two months of 2024, the CSA has received eighty-five (85) reports, an over 254% increase compared to the same period last year.

Modus Operandi

    Tactic Type 1 :

  • Threat actors create fake social media profiles and befriend potential victims
  • The targeted individuals are convinced to move the conversation to WhatsApp, where they eventually engage in nude video calls or share nude pictures/videos.
  • These video calls are screen-recorded by the threat actors, unknown to the victims.
  • The threat actors then employ various tactics including threats, and emotional manipulation to pressure victims into complying with their demands.

    Tactic Type 2 :

  • When the tactic of befriending potential victims fails, the threat actors initiate unsolicited video calls to them
  • When a target answers the video call, his/her face is captured and used to create sexually explicit content that is then used for blackmail/sextortion.


  • Avoid accepting friend requests from unknown persons on social media platforms
  • Practice safe cyber hygiene, and desist from engaging in nude video calls or sharing nud
  • Avoid sharing personal or sensitive information online and be mindful of the content you post online. Malicious actors can use it to profile you.
  • Avoid answering video calls from unknown persons
  • If you receive a blackmail threat, do not panic. Do not respond to the threats or engage with the blackmailers. Block the contact and report the incident immediately.
  • Remember to keep evidence regarding the threat such as screenshots, for your report.

Contact the Cyber Security Authority

The CSA has a 24-hour Cybersecurity/Cybercrime Incident Reporting Points of Contact (PoC) for reporting cybercrimes and for seeking guidance and assistance on online activities, Call or Text – 292, WhatsApp – 0501603111, Email –

Issued by Cyber Security Authority
March 14, 2023